Florida _____________________ [left column] From the "Florida Union." To all Whom it May concern. We have before us a pile of letters, from all parts of the Union, some addressed to ourselves, and some to other residents of this city, asking for information concerning Florida. The range covered by these questions is very extensive and proper answers to them all would fill a large volume. We will however, endeavor to condense into as small a space as possible the substance of the information required. Jacksonville is situated on the north bank of the St. John's River, about twenty-five miles from its mouth. The streets are wide, regularly laid out and line 1 with shade trees, chiefly with evergreen oaks, interspersed with the China trees and Magnolia's, while the yards and gardens contain orange, lemon and fig trees alternately filled with blossoms or fruit. The location is pleasant and healthy, though quite level and sandy. The population, including the immediate vicinity on both sides of the river is somewhere in the neighborhood of three or four thousand, at least half of whom are freedmen. The chief business of the place centres in the lumber trade, though this at present is very dull, -half a dozen or more steam saw mills being situated on the river front in or near the city. Mercantile business is confined to supplying the immediate wants of the city; traders up the river and plantations in the back country. Prices as a rule are higher that at the north. Board at the hotels three dollars a day or from twelve to fifteen dollars per week. Rents high, owing to the scarcity of houses to accomodate [sic] the rapidly increasing population. A weekly meteorological record, giving the extremes of heat and cold and the mean temperature for each week, together with the state of the weather, -reliable market reports for lumber and the retail prices of vegetables, fruits and provisions; -a church directory for the city &c, [right column] &c, will all be found in another column of this paper. Lawyers and Doctors, can come here but with a poor prospect of lucrative business. The wants of the people are more than supplied in both these professions. There is however no Homeopathic physician in the place and such an one, if able in his profession, experienced and well recommended might make a fair start. Mechanics, can generally find profitable employment. Millwrights, get $5 per day but work in this trade is uncertain. Good carpenters find steady work at three dollars per day, masons also get three dollars per day, but, as most of the buildings here are of wood without cellars, the amount of work is limited. Fair board for mechanics can be obtained at from six to ten dollars per week. Any class of mechanics, if industrious, can do well here. Laborers, receive from ten to fifteen dollars a month, with board, or twenty-five to thirty dollars without. The laborers at present are all colored and work chiefly on the plantations. Provisions. - Meat and fish are good and cheap. Beef as it runs averaging about eight to twelve cents per pound. Vegetables about the same as at the north, -and plenty. Fruits and berries the same. Milk is scarce, as few cows are kept for the purpose, and condensed milk is generally used by families. Land can be purchased in any quantity and at almost any price. Improved lands, -taking improved and waste lands together as the plantations run - are worth an average of ten dollars an acre. Wild lands uncleared can be bought at from fifty cents to five dollars an acre according to quality and location. Farming is easy and profitable. The soil is light and sandy, and an excellent manure is found in abundance in every swamp. A small farm of twenty-five to a hundred acres
State Library of Florida: Florida Collection, BR0025
Advertisement describing the services of the Florida Land Agency, including a list of lands available for sale.