Photo exhibits spotlight various topics in Florida history, and are accompanied by brief text intended to place selected materials in historical context.
Racism and the Struggle for Civil Rights in Florida
After the Civil Rights Act of 1964--Approaching Today
The Civil Rights Act was passed in 1964, nearly 100 years after the end of the Civil War. The Act outlawed unequal application of voter registration requirements and racial segregation of public spaces. The combination of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 ended the 89-year reign of Jim Crow.
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Accompanying note: "FSU students demonstrating for the release of Phil Sandford, a graduate student and activist from Australia."
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Racial discrimination was finally being outlawed, but relieving American society of the burden of its racist heritage remained an ongoing struggle. Lasting changes in African-American life were slow to appear, and economic degradation worsened in African-American communities across the nation. Some civil rights activists became radicalized amidst the turbulent political climate of the 1960s and 1970s. Meanwhile, white supremacist groups remained active as well, despite the historic achievements of the Civil Rights Movement in the United States.
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The modern civil rights movement is often said to have began in 1954 with the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision and ended with the death of Martin Luther King, Jr., in 1968. However, the movement did not appear out of thin air. Just as the struggle for civil rights began decades before the most celebrated marches, boycotts, and moments of triumph, its example left an enduring legacy of aspiration and progress toward freedom for all Americans that lives on today.
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