Yellow Jack

Yellow Jack


  • Yellow Jack

Published Date

  • published 1941


[page 4]
Other Florida Epidemics. Other Florida seaports suffered from
periodic appearances of the pest in the nineteenth century. In 1823 the
fever, probably imported from Havana, became so prevalent at Key West
that the United States Army post there was abandoned and the troops
moved to Pensacola. In 1829 there was another outbreak at Key West
which caused 20 deaths. In 1854 there were 240 cases, 98 deaths; in
1862, 75 deaths; between 1864 and 1901 there were 17 epidemics which
resulted in great loss of life and paralyzed the business of the port.

The disease appeared at Tampa in 1839 and 1871, but the effects
have not been recorded. In 1887 there was an outbreak of 400 cases and
75 deaths. The ailment became prevalent there also in 1888, 1889, 1900,
and 1905.

The first case of the disease in St. Augustine was noted in 1807.
It appeared again in 1819. In 1821 the mosquito caused 140 deaths. In
1838 and 1839 St. Augustine had mild outbreaks, and in 1841 the
disease caused 26 deaths. Another infection was brought to the town
from Fernandina in 1877, causing 250 cases and 50 deaths. The
Fernandina outbreak, which resulted in 1,500 cases and 112 deaths, was
traced to a Spanish captain ailing with the disease when his ship docked

Disastrous effects followed the appearance of yellow fever at St.
Joseph in 1840. Great loss of life occurred and all inhabitants fled from
the city. At Dry Tortugas in 1874 there was an outbreak of 90 cases,
with 30 deaths. Toward the close of the century the disease also invaded
Apalachicola, Egmont Key, Enterprise, Fort Jefferson,