Florida Trees, Flowers, Fruits

Florida Trees, Flowers, Fruits


  • Florida Trees, Flowers, Fruits

Published Date

  • 1938-1939 Series


[page 6]
Hardwood: Winding green tracts of hardwood trace the banks of the State's many small
rivers and creeks. Here, water hickory, white bay, scarlet-leaved loblolly bay, sweet gum, water
ash and others are found in dense and colorful growth.

Over high areas are the sandy Florida "hammocks", high and low, on hills and in ravines.
Here prevail scrubby blackjack or turkey oaks, water laurel, willow oaks, cedar, and the red-
berried holly. Here also grow the live oaks, with massive dome and spreading, almost horizontal
limbs; the sturdy, trim-barked dogwood, with lovely flowers that are the forest feature of spring;
and the tree that, to many, is the most beautiful of all-the magnolia, with its smooth, brown
trunk sometimes four feet in diameter, large, leathery, green leaves, and cream-colored blossoms
with purple center.

Festoons of Spanish moss add their gray beauty to the deep shade of all hammocks.
Although it sprouts from tiny seeds lodging in the crevices of the trunk or bough, and sends out
rootlets for attachment, the plant derives no sustenance from the tree; all of its food coming from
the air and rain.

A most durable and valuable timber tree is the cypress, which lifts a fluted, silvery trunk
above swamps and shallow ponds, over the entire State. The largest, sometimes 100 feet in
height, are hundreds of years old. Peculiar, knob-like cypress "knees" grow from the trees' roots,
appearing around the base. Their function has not been determined, though some believe they
gather air for the root system.

Ornamentals: One of the most popular ornamentals grown in cities in all parts of the
State is the camphor tree. The wood of this luxuriant,