EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES FOR NEGROES IN FLORIDA
Report of Committee Appointed April 9, 1941
This committee, in accordance with instructions, has made as careful a study as time would permit of certain aspects of Negro education in Florida. In making this study and preparing this report, the committee has kept in mind the fact that all proposals are tentative and are subject to revision, or restatement. In fact, it is fully understood that the entire report may need be reorganized or that the problem may need be approached from an entirely different point of view. The committee, however, believes that most of the points presented below are sound and may well be approved as essentials of a desirable program for Florida.
The problem of Negro education is but one phase of the [entire] problem of providing adequate educational opportunities for all citizens of a democracy. The welfare of the state and nation depends upon the health, education and general well-being of its citizens. No one phase of the problem can be neglected for any one or more groups without the entire state and nation suffering the consequences.
The provision of adequate educational opportunities for all does not mean that all individuals and groups are to have the same type or level of education. In fact, it is commonly recognized that education must be adjusted to the needs of individuals, groups and communities.
The state is obligated to assure a desirable minimum in the way of educational facilities for all of its citizens. This means that all children, white and Negro, must not only be given an opportunity to attend, but must be required to attend school regularly over a reasonable period of time; that an adequate minimum in the way of school facilities, including buildings, equipment, teachers, teaching supplies, transportation where necessary, and a school term of proper length must be provided for all children. The more adequate the educational facilities for both Negroes and whites, the better the
State Archives of Florida: Collection M86-11, Box 04, Folder 5
This report provides information on the basic conditions of black education in Florida as of 1941. Includes information on enrollment, teaching loads, teacher training, transportation and salaries. Inequities between black and white schools are also addressed and proposed next steps for progress are outlined.