Patriots Revolt: Amelia Island in 1812

In March 1812, a group of Georgia settlers known as the Patriot Army invaded Spanish East Florida with de facto support from the United States government. They had hoped to convince the Spanish colonists to join them and declare Florida’s independence from Spain. The attempt ultimately failed, but during the Patriot Army’s temporary control of Fernandina, the group’s leaders drew up a constitution and formed a government for the Republic of East Florida.

The Patriot Constitution of 1812

The Patriot Constitution of 1812

Florida Memory

State Library of Florida

Key Secondary Sources

  • Davis, T. Frederick. “United States Troops in Spanish East Florida, 1812-13.” Florida Historical Society Quarterly 9.1 (1930): 3–23.