P.B. Land, Jr.
Baker Co. Notes
1. Creation of the County-
Baker County was created out of New River County by an act of the General Assembly of the State of Florida on February 8, 1861.
New River County had been created from Columbia County by an act of the General Assembly on December 21, 1858.
Columbia County had been created from Alachua County by an act of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Florida on February 4, 1832.
Alachua County had been created from Duval and St. Johns Counties by an act of the Legislative Council on December 29, 1824.
Duval County had been created from St. Johns County by an act of the Legislative Council on August 12, 1822. St. Johns County had been created by a military ordinance of Provisional Governor Andrew Jackson of the Territory of Florida on July 21, 1821. St. Johns County was identical to the Spanish province of East Florida, viz., all the territory of present-day Florida east of the Suwannee River.
Thus, Baker County territory was first East Florida, St. Johns County, Duval County, Alachua County, Columbia County, and New River County territory before becoming Baker County.
2. Name of the County-
Baker County was named "for James M. Baker, former Judge of the Fourth Judiciary District." (Sixth Census of the State of Florida, Nathan Mayo, Commissioner of Agriculture, 1935)
"Hon. James M. Baker was Judge of the Supreme Court, Confederate State Senator and Judge of the Circuit Court here in Duval County, Florida." ("Observatioins of Original Members", Florida Historical Society Quarterly, vol. 3, p. 11)
3. The County Boundaries-
Evident on the map - Baker County is bounded on the north by Georgia and the St. Mary's River; on the east by Nassau, Duval, and Clay Counties; on the south by Bradford and Union Counties; and on the west by Columbia County.
In the statutes - According to Section 29, Compiled General Laws of the State of Florida, 1906, Baker County, originally, comprised "all that territory bounded as follows, viz: Commencing on the center line of township four, south, at the range line dividing ranges eighteen and nineteen; thence by said line to the Georgia line; thence along said line to the St. Mary's river; thence down said river to the mouth of Deep creek, on the said river, running up said creek to where the Jacksonville road crosses at Pagit's; thence along the old Alachua trail to the center line of township four; thence west along said line to the beginning."
However, Section 1 of the act of the Legislature numbered Chapter 6244, and dated May 19, 1911, amended Section 29 above to read: "Baker County shall comprise all that territory bounded as follows: Commencing on the center line of township four, on range line dividing ranges eighteen and nineteen, east; then running north along said range line to the Georgia line; then easterly along said Georgia line to the