POLIOMYELITIS (Infantile Paralysis)
How May It Be Controlled?
IT IS admitted that the methods which have been used in the control of poliomyelitis have been unsatisfactory. There is no practical test whereby the person susceptible to poliomyelitis may be distinguished from the person who is immune. The manner in which infantile paralysis is spread from one person to another and the way in which the virus (germ) gets into the body is not known. The virus is found in the secretions of the nose and throat of patients ill with the disease and also in the bowel discharges. What part "carriers" play in the spread of the disease is not well understood. Care should be taken to dispose of all body secretions and excretions of the patient, including the bowel discharges, so that other persons will not come in contact with them.
IMMEDIATE isolation of sick children is important. Children under fourteen years who have been in contact with the patient should be quarantined for a period of fourteen days from date of last contact. Adults should be allowed freedom of movement without restriction, provided they do not have further contact with the patient and are not engaged in an occupation bringing them in contact with children or food.
The attendant who takes care of the patient should wear a loose gown or kimono over her clothes while in the sick room. This should be removed before leaving the sick room. After caring for the patient she should wash her hands thoroughly with soap and water and rise them in a disinfecting solution before handling other children. The patient should have his own knives, forks and spoons which have been sterilized by boiling. When the patient is ready for release from isolation, he must be given a warm soap bath and freshly laundered clothes. The bed-linen should be disinfected and then laundered. The woolen blankets should be exposed to sunlight for several hours. All the wood-work of the sick room should be cleaned with a disinfecting solution. Clean the room as in "spring-cleaning" and open doors and windows to sunlight for a day.
SCHOOLS should not be closed during an epidemic but should remain open. In this way each child may be closely inspected. Any child showing abnormality should be placed under the care of a physician and health authorities notified at once.
Poliomyelitis is Decidedly a disease of warm weather
FLORIDA STATE BOARD OF HEALTH
State Archives of Florida: Series S908, Box 01, Folder 14
Pamphlet educating public on Poliomyelitis, it's causes, symptoms, a person's susceptibility to the disease, and how it can be controlled.