Classification of lumber, as adopted by the Pensacola & Lumber Exchange.

Classification of lumber, as adopted by the Pensacola & Lumber Exchange.

Published Date

  • published 1873

Geographic Term

  • Pensacola.

Description

  • Types of lumber classified , on Thursday, May 22nd, 1873 : Sawn timber; Deals; Prime; Merchantable or stowage deals; Scantling; Plank; Flooring; Edge boards.

Transcript

Classification of Lumber,
as adopted by the
On Thursday, May 22d., 1873.

[left column]
Sawn timber shall be put in three classes, which
shall be designated as follows: A., B, and C.
A.-To be sound, square edged, and square
butted, must not show more than two inches sap
on either face, free from circular shakes or unsound
knots.
B.-Timber to be sound, and square butted, to
show heart on each face, may show place of wane
not to exceed two feet in any one place, and that
in not more than three places in any one corner.
C.-To be sound, and square butted, not more
than three inches in width of wane on a corner,
need not show heart on any side or sides.
Deals.
Deals shall be put in three classes, as follows:
Choice, Prime and Merchantable, or Stowage.
Choice.-Shall be sound, square edged, and
square butted with saw, all heart, with exception
of small streaks of sap on one face, comparatively
free from knots, and entirely free from shakes and
splits, 9 inches and upwards in width, 3 inches
and upwards in thickness, and 12 feet and upwards
in length.
Prime.-Shall be sound, square edge, and
square butted, one heart face, three-fourth heart
on other face, free from shakes, splits, large or
unsound knots, 9 inches wide and upwards, by
3 inches thick and upwards, and 12 feet long and
upwards.
Merchantable or Stowage Deals. - Must
be sound, square edge, and square butted, one
heart face, and show heart on other face, free
from through shakes, splits and unsound knots,
3 inches thick and upwards by 9 inches wide
and upwards, 12 feet long and upwards.
Scantling.
Scantling shall be put in two classes, viz.:
Prime and Merchantable.
Prime-Must be square edged, three corners
thirds heart on other face, square edge, evenly


[right column]
sawn, free from through shakes or splits, large or
unsound knots, may be 1 1/4 to 3 inches thick by
10 inches wide and upward, and 12 feet and upwards
in length.
Merchantable-Must be sound, one heart
face, evenly sawn, square edged, free from through
shakes, splits, or unsound knots, 1 1/4 to three
inches thick ten inches and upwards wide,
twelve feet and upwards in length.
Flooring.
Flooring shall be put in three classes, viz:
Clear, Prime and Merchantable.
Clear-Must be sound, free from sap, knots,
shakes, and splits.
Prime-Must have one face free from sap, and
the opposite Merchantable.
Merchantable-Must show half heart on most
sappy face the whole length, free of through and
round shakes, or unsound knots. All flooring
must be sawn plump for any size it is calculated for.
Edge Boards
Edge Boards must be either one inch or one and
a quarter inches thick, any width or length, must
be sound, square edged, be free from loose knots
or splits, and show heart on both sides.
All lumber of a Merchantable quality and upwards,
must be square butted.
All refused cullings or lumber of a quality be
low these classifications to have no class, but be
sold on their merits.
Your committee advise that in the absence of a
suitable legalized inspection law, and pending the
organization of a proper law that all lumber inspectors,
either localized at mills, or engaged
generally in inspection of lumber, shall procure a
certificate of qualification from your body, and
that their returns under classification adopted by
your body, shall be final in sales or delivery made.
All sales (either F.O.B., or cost, freight and insurance,)
or at mills, shall be on the basis of Pensacola
inspection, under such classifications of lumber
and timber as shall be adopted by this body.
In the absence of special agreements all Sales,
shall be considered to be for cash.
That in all F.O.B. sales, the delivery will be
considered made, when delivered alongside of
vessel, and masters or mates have given receipts
for same.
"In case of failure of purchasers to provide a
"vessel or vessels in season, as per contract, and
"the respective cargo or cargoes are in readiness
"then payment shall be made within thirty days,
"and such cargo be considered at risk of pur-
chasers."