Florida Memory is administered by the Florida Department of State, Division of Library and Information Services, Bureau of Archives and Records Management. The digitized records on Florida Memory come from the collections of the State Archives of Florida and the special collections of the State Library of Florida.
State Archives of Florida
Hymn liner Troy Demps, left, and his apprentice Brian Wright - Orlando, Florida.
Series S 1640 RG 158, Folk Arts Apprenticeship Program Fieldnotes, Susie Billie, Seminole Herbal Medicine: 1994-1995 to Mike Wilder, Saddlemaking: 1994-1995, Troy Demps, African American Hymn Lining ; Box 19, FF2
Shelf number: S1640B19FF2.
Hymn lining is a style of singing that was established in the colonies in the 1640s. Since slaves (and many whites) could not read and the number of hymnals was limited, they "lined out" or "raised a hymn." A church elder or minister (sometimes called an "exhorter") who could read would recite a line, then sing it with the congregation. The process was repeated until the hymn was completed.
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Chicago Manual of Style
Hymn liner Troy Demps, left, and his apprentice Brian Wright - Orlando, Florida. 1994. State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory. <https://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/109342>, accessed 26 June 2022.
Hymn liner Troy Demps, left, and his apprentice Brian Wright - Orlando, Florida. 1994. State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory. Accessed 26 Jun. 2022.<https://www.floridamemory.com/items/show/109342>