African-American Farmers

252869
Date
1979
Collection
Video
Video Details
19:25; color; silent and sound; V-218 CA315; S.1239
Description
This film features interviews and incidental footage of African-American farmers of the Tallahassee area. The farmers discuss their backgrounds and history working the land and living in the area. There is additional silent footage at the end of the film. Produced by WFSU-TV.
of African-American farmers

The Torch of Friendship

232404
Date
Early 1960s
Collection
Video
Description
This is a film promoting the Hampton House Hotel in Miami, a business oriented to an African-American clientele. It describes how notable black men and women of the 1960s gathered there, such as Ralph Metcalf (gold medalist, 1932 & 1936 Olympics), Althea Gibson (Wimbledon Champ), Martin Luther King Jr., singer Jackie Wilson, and baseball Hall of Famer Jackie Robinson. The film follows a formula similar to other promotional films, except almost everyone in it is black. The complete footage shows entertainment, the owners, a fashion show, dog and horse racing, the Miami Seaquarium, the Torch of Friendship, Yogi Berra, Mickey Mantle, the Baltimore Orioles, and the FAMU Track team. Produced by Don Parisher.
Video Details
13:30; color; sound; CA133, s.828
to an African-American clientele.

Sally Stevens- A Lady Cabbie

253534
Date
1972
Collection
Video
Description
A WFSU-TV reporter conducts an in-car interview with Sally Stevens, an African-American woman, and Tallahassee's first female cab driver. Mrs. Stevens talks about her decision to become a cab driver, customer reaction and interaction, job risks and job satisfaction. The camera captures good images of Tallahassee's downtown area while she drives. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
3:45; color; sound; V-185 AA353; S.1239
with Sally Stevens, an African-American

Angela Davis

232439
Date
1979
Collection
Video
Description
Civil rights leader Angela Davis speaks at Florida Agricultural & Mechanical University's Black History Month convocation. Her remarks include statements on human rights, political prisoners, apartheid, education, health care, black poverty and the civil rights movement. There are several edits and some audio distortion. The film gives additional footage of Ms. Davis expanding on the topics from her speech. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
20:46; color; sound; DA095
African American women

Thanksgiving

243883
Date
ca. 1950
Collection
Video
Description
This home movie begins with Thanksgiving dinner at the Russo's. Next is Lance's birthday and opening gifts with Mom and Dad. The film continues with a family visit to the Lewis Plantation. There are scenes of workers' cabins, an African-American child dancing on a deck, and buildings and structures on the plantation. The film continues with scenes of Weeki Wachee Springs and its mermaids and ends with the Gasparilla Celebration in Tampa.
Video Details
11:46; color; silent; V-177 H-8
, an African-American child dancing

Jake Gaither

232399
Date
1970s
Collection
Video
Description
This film is a tribute to Jake Gaither, ex-head football coach at Florida A&M University in Tallahassee. It contains an interview with Coach Gaither at his home in Tallahassee, as well as some FAMU football footage. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
4:20; color; sound; aa265, s. 1239
, African American

Bethune-Cookman College: A Rock in a Weary Land

232412
Date
1960s
Collection
Video
Video Details
26:55; B&W; sound; V-171, s.1239
Description
This is an excellent film on Bethune-Cookman College. It begins with student protests on other college campuses. The film then switches to the tranquil campus of Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona Beach, a predominately African-American college founded by the late Mary McLeod Bethune. There is an overview of the school and its individual departments, including interviews with Richard Moore (President), Dr. Rabie J. Gainous (Department of Science and Mathematics), Herine Banks (Dean of Women), and Edward Rodriquez (Administrator of the Mary Bethune Foundation). Students express their views and ambitions throughout the film. The apparent purpose for the production of this film was to obtain additional funding for the school.
African American history

Civil Disturbance

252951
Date
1967
Collection
Video
Description
This film shows footage of riots that occurred in West Palm Beach and Riviera Beach on July 30, 1967. The riots stemmed from an altercation between two African-American men and local police attempting to make an arrest at the Blue Heron Bar. The police eventually arrested 45 in connection with the fires started during the riots, which caused an estimated $350,000 in damage to the Mullins Lumber Yard.
Video Details
4:42; color; silent; V-124 AA127; S. 828
between two African-American

Luna Plantation

243140
Date
ca. 1940s
Collection
Video
Description
This film has beautiful footage of the Luna Plantation in Leon County. This footage is composed of four combined short films. There are scenes showing: quail hunting; people on the plantation steps; a woman taking photographs; plowing with a sit-down plow; two children playing with a wagon/stroller apparatus; a picnic in the woods; people aboard a ship; playing tennis; boating; and an African-American man poling a boat.
Video Details
13:00; B&W; silent; V-149 M88-08
; and an African-American man poling a

Vibrations: Julian Bond/Frenchtown/Pitts & Lee March

232436
Date
1978
Collection
Video
Description
This is footage from WFSU-TV's "Vibrations" program. Interviewer Lucias Gant talks with Georgia Sen. Julian Bond about civil rights issues. There is additional footage of Sen. Bond giving a speech. There is interview footage with the Leon County Director of Community Improvement discussing the Frenchtown Improvement Project. Members of Tallahassee's Bethel Baptist Church march to the Capitol in protest of the wrongful imprisonment of Freddie Lee Pitts and Wilbert Lee. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
24:11; color; sound; DA140
African American

Ray Charles

252941
Date
1970s
Collection
Video
Description
It is "FAMU Day" at the Legislature. Ray Charles is introduced by Sen. Pat Thomas in the Senate Chamber. Mr. Charles chats for a while and then plays a tune. Videotaped by Bradley White.
Video Details
13:50; color; sound; V-155 P93-013; S. 1239
African American

Astrology

252885
Date
5/6/1977
Collection
Video
Description
A WFSU-TV reporter interviews a local astrologer. The astrologer explains the difference between popular astrology and the "scientific" astrology that she practices. She discusses perceptions of alternative religions, as well as her background, her personal philosophies and organized religion. The segment ends with a tarot card demonstration. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
12:05; color; sound; V-187 BA236; S.1239
African American

Selma, Alabama Demonstration

243485
Date
1965
Collection
Video
Description
This film contains footage of the March 1965 voter registration demonstrations in Selma, Alabama. There is sound at the beginning, but the majority of the film is raw footage with no sound. It first shows African American protesters, including students, marching and singing in front of a courthouse. There is footage with sound of Martin Luther King Jr. speaking, followed by scenes of Andrew Young, John L. Lewis and other black leaders. The film also includes scenes around the Edmund Pettus Bridge, including the violent police attack on the marchers shown from a distance. An injured protester is shown being lifted by other protesters and a police officer, and there are several scenes of armed police officers before and after the violence. The film also shows Governor LeRoy Collins arriving to view the march and going to speak with Martin Luther King Jr. President Lyndon Johnson appointed Collins head of the Community Relations Service (CRS) in 1964. At the request of President Johnson, Collins came to Selma on behalf of the CRS to help mediate a solution to the crisis. After the footage from 1965, there is also a fragment from a later piece, also without sound, that includes shots of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta and Martin Luther King Sr.
Video Details
10:42; B&W; silent; V-142 S. 1239
African American history

The Orange: Fruit of Life

253364
Date
n.d.
Collection
Video
Video Details
13:00; color; sound; V-64 BA104; S. 828
Description
This film chronicles the history of oranges, beginning with animation showing that, "Once upon a time... a miracle occurred and the first orange was born." Then, actors in Spanish costume eat oranges in the oldest-budded orange grove in America, near St. Augustine. Actors dressed as "Indians" jog through the trees carrying oranges and dance. Next, authentic Seminoles eat oranges, followed by more shots of the "Indians." Then, viewers see African-Americans loading barrels of oranges on a floating dock. A great train sequence follows, showing Florida East Coast Railroad Engine No. 153, as a load of oranges is picked up from a horse-drawn wagon. The rest of the film is processing and packaging. Produced by Robert Leahy Studios; sponsored by Minute Maid.
African Americans

Jake Gaither - The Best Ever

253140
Date
1981
Collection
Video
Description
Alonzo Smith "Jake" Gaither, former football coach and athletic director at Florida A&M University, reflects on his career as a coach. He stresses the effect that treating his players with respect had on his success with them and with people in general. He remarks that his former players are his family and that he shares a close relationship with them. The segment also contains extensive footage of photographs and Gaither's trophies and awards from various athletic and civic organizations. It ends with a testimonial from one of Gaither's former players. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
8:13; color; sound and silent; V-187 BA232; S.1239
, African American

Confederate Veterans Convention

232382
Date
1914
Collection
Video
Description
This film was produced with titles, and shows the meeting of 40,000 Confederate war veterans in Jacksonville.They dance to fiddle music and many cars, horses, bands and flags are shown. The veterans are shown dining together in a mess tent. An electric street car goes by during a section titled "Sons of Confederate Veterans Parade." An African-American loyal to the Confederacy is shown, as well as the "youngest vet." Produced by Mackey and Coutant Film Co.; sponsored by Florida Commercial Sound Films of Jacksonville.
Video Details
16:15; B&W; silent; V-14 CA024; S. 828
." An African-American loyal

Bicentennial Bethune

232411
Date
1976
Collection
Video
Description
This film features a brief look at the life and achievements of Mary McLeod Bethune. It includes still images of the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls, Bethune-Cookman College, and the Mary McLeod Bethune home. The film was produced by the Florida Development Commission and the Florida Bicentennial Commission.
Video Details
1:00; color; sound; AA429, s.828
African American history

Florida Agricultural and Mechanical University: The 100 Before the World/Les Cents Devant Le Monde

232422
Date
1989
Collection
Video
Description
In this film, Florida A&M University is the sole representative of the United States in France's 200th Bastille Day Parade in Paris. This film covers FAMU's participation in the parade from day one. It shows the band practicing, sightseeing, interacting with other participants, and participating in the parade. Dr. Foster, the band's creator and director, is interviewed throughout the film.
Video Details
21:10; color; sound; V-167
African American history

Reverend C.K. Steele (Part I)

232431
Date
1979
Collection
Video
Description
This film begins with a church function at which a variety of people speak. The Reverend C.K. Steele is in attendance but does not speak. There is footage of a demonstration outside the Capitol, and an interview with FSU President Bernie Sliger, who talks about Steele receiving his honorary doctorate degree from Florida State. Also included is footage of the ceremony at which Steele receives the degree. There is an interview with Steele at his home in Tallahassee. The film ends with segments of an interview with the owner of Speed's Grocery, who discusses racial concerns in Tallahassee during the 1950s and 1960s. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
11:13; color; sound; BA209
African American history

St. Augustine Civil Rights Demonstrations

232403
Date
1964
Collection
Video
Description
This film provides extensive footage of the St. Augustine civil rights demonstrations. It shows demonstrations by blacks on the beach in St. Augustine, counter demonstrations by whites, speeches made by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and Governor Farris Bryant, and speeches by segregationists such as Reverend Connie Lynch, Richard "Hoss" Manucy, and Klansman J.B. Stoner. It also includes scenes of the highway patrol sent in to assist local law enforcement officials.
Video Details
26:00; B&W; sound; V-157
African American history

Governor Leroy Collins Comments on Civil Rights

253195
Date
1970s
Collection
Video
Description
Gov. Collins remarks on his relationship with the Rev. C.K. Steele and on Steele's efforts in the civil rights struggle. Gov. Collins discusses his own personal growth and changes in his philosophy concerning issues of race as a result of close involvement in the civil rights movement. There are a few rough edits in this film, but the overall aesthetic quality is excellent. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
10:00; color; sound, V-239 BA356; S.1239
African American history

Reverend Hudson - Reverend C.K. Steele Interview

253261
Date
22-May-80
Collection
Video
Description
The Rev. Hudson of Bethel Baptist Church in Tallahassee discusses the role that church life played in the struggle for desegregation. He comments that the church was the integral element in unifying all the disparate organizations in the civil rights movement and adds additional thoughts on the role of prominent leaders in those organizations. Produced by WFSU-TV.
Video Details
8:30; color; sound, V-239 BA333; S.1239
African American history

Parent Option/Bailey-Ervin Plan

253377
Date
early 1960s
Collection
Video
Description
The Bailey-Ervin plan was an anti-integration proposal put together by State Superintendent Tom Bailey and Attorney General Richard Ervin. The plan was intended to encompass the two ideologies of segregation and free public schools. In this broadcast by WTBT-TV, John Evans interviews the two men. Ervin and Bailey express the belief that white parents should be given an option that allows them to send their children to private schools, using state subsidies, rather than sending them to integrated public schools.
Video Details
12:10; b&w; sound; V-151 S. 828
African Americans

School Desegregation

253433
Date
early 1970s
Collection
Video
Description
Gov. Reubin Askew makes a televised statement on bussing in the public school desegregation issue. President Jimmy Carter, while still governor of Georgia, speaks briefly on legislation to extend voting rights to 18-year-old citizens of Georgia. There is silent footage of the Florida Legislature in session. Jimmy Carter comments on civil rights issues, school desegregation and bussing in Georgia.
Video Details
6:50; color; silent and sound; V-206 RW#10
African Americans

A Great Floridian

253220
Date
1981
Collection
Video
Description
This film provides a history of Gov. LeRoy Collins, from birth to 1981. The introduction is by Burt Reynolds and there are tributes by others throughout the film. It covers civil rights in the South and Gov. Collins' role. It has good footage of the Collins family, the Selma demonstrations, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. and the Collins' home on Dog Island.
Video Details
39:25; color; sound; V-140 S. 1239
African American history

Gov. Farris Bryant Press Conference

253178
Date
10-Apr-64
Collection
Video
Description
Gov. Bryant comments on the creation of a civil rights committee to assist in communication and "cooling down" racial tensions in St. Augustine following the outbreak of riots in that city. There are several in-camera edits. Produced by the Florida Development Commission.
Video Details
13:44; b&w; sound, V-235 CA297; S. 828
African American history

Traveling outside of Florida in the 1920s

322153
Date
1920s
Collection
Video
Description
This home movie captures the daily life of a family with young children living in an unidentified mountainous region sometime during the 1920s. This home movie captures the daily life of a family with young children living in an unidentified mountainous region sometime during the 1920s. An African-American woman is shown accompanying the family on an outing.
Video Details
3:39; B&W; silent; S13_H264
. An African-American woman is shown

Gov. Farris Bryant Addresses Senate Commerce Committee

232423
Date
July 30, 1963
Collection
Video
Description
Governor Bryant addresses the Senate Commerce Committee in Washington concerning Senate Bill 1732 on rights and interstate busing. Bryant argues for the rights of property owners to discriminate against customers, that if customers have the right to choose which businesses they will use, then businesses equally have the right to choose which customers they will serve. Florida Senator Spessard Holland introduces Bryant to the committee, and Strom Thurmond, who sits on the committee, tells Bryant that he agrees with him. Produced by FDC.
Video Details
12:30; B&W; sound; BA151
African American history

CSX Crew Installing Track and Gandy Dancers

326303
Date
1993-05-30
Collection
Video
Description
This video features railroad workers or “section hands” commonly referred to by the slang term “Gandy Dancers” demonstrating work songs used when laying rail track. Also features CSX workers at the Florida Folk Festival preparing the tracks used in the demonstration.
Video Details
13:51; color; sound; S1664, CSX Crew and Gandy Dancers
African Americans

Paradise Park

273952
Collection
Video
Video Details
4:30; B&W; silent
Description
Paradise Park was a segregated African-American resort located about a mile down the Silver River from the popular Silver Springs attraction near Ocala, Florida. The park was developed by Carl Ray and W.M. “Shorty” Davidson, co-owners of Silver Springs for nearly four decades. Paradise Park opened May 20, 1949 and remained open until 1969. African-American families, tour buses and church groups came from all over Florida and the United States to visit the attraction. Amenities included a pavilion with a dance floor and jukebox, a swimming area with a sandy beach, tropical landscaping and space for softball and other games. Like its counterpart Silver Springs, Paradise Park featured glass-bottom boat tours that introduced visitors to the beauty of the Silver River. Easter egg hunts, baptisms and picnics were common, and at Christmas, Santa Claus would cruise down the river on a glass-bottom boat to pass out candy, nuts and fruit for young visitors. Herpetologist Ross Allen even set up a reptile exhibit at the park, similar to the one located upriver at Silver Springs. Renowned underwater photographer Bruce Mozert filmed this promotional movie for Paradise Park, probably in the early 1950s. It opens with a shot of a sign directing motorists to the attraction, likely located at the intersection of Paradise Road (now NE 24th St.) and State Road 40. Scenes from the parking lot and picnic area come next, followed by footage from one of the park’s annual Labor Day beauty contests. These competitions were sponsored by the American Legion and featured contestants from across the state. Toward the end of the contest footage, a Legion official presents the winners with their awards. The film then moves on to the glass bottom boats, including footage of the passengers’ view into the clear waters of the Silver River. A young man and woman identified as Thomas and Lottie Donaldson swim to the sandy bottom with a sign that reads “Don’t Miss Paradise Park.” Bathers dive into the swimming area from a platform. The final scenes are from Ross Allen’s reptile exhibit, where an assistant is shown feeding and herding alligators. Two assistants are then seen in a snake exhibit, one handing a snake to someone in the crowd. The State Archives partnered with Department of Environmental Protection, the owners of the film, to preserve the original 16 mm film and digitize it. Archivists sought outside assistance and worked closely with the film restoration specialists at MediaPreserve, an Audio-Visual Laboratory in Pennsylvania to restore most of the film stock and create a digital reproduction of its contents.
segregated African-American resort

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