4, 9–12

Next Generation Sunshine State Standards

  • SS.4.A.6.3
    Describe the contributions of significant individuals to Florida.

    Examples are John Gorrie, Henry Flagler, Henry Plant, Lue Gim Gong, Vincente Martinez Ybor, Julia Tuttle, Mary McLeod Bethune, Thomas Alva Edison, James Weldon Johnson, Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings.

  • SS.912.A.7.6
    Assess key figures and organizations in shaping the Civil Rights Movement and Black Power Movement.

    Examples are the NAACP, National Urban League, SNCC, CORE, Charles Houston, Thurgood Marshall, Rosa Parks, Constance Baker Motley, the Little Rock Nine, Roy Wilkins, Whitney M. Young, A. Philip Randolph, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Robert F. Williams, Fannie Lou Hamer, Malcolm X (El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz), Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture), H. Rap Brown (Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin), the Black Panther Party (e.g., Huey P. Newton, Bobby Seale).

  • SS.912.A.3.13
    Examine key events and key people in Florida history as they relate to United States history.
    Examples are the railroad industry; bridge construction in the Florida Keys; the cattle industry; the cigar industry; the influence of Cuban, Greek and Italian immigrants; Henry B. Plant; William Chipley; Henry Flagler; George Proctor; Thomas DeSaille Tucker; Hamilton Disston.


Students will explore photographs of the railroad industry in Florida.


Students will:

Materials Needed

  1. Scenes from Florida's Railroad History

Lesson Plan

  1. Activate prior knowledge:
    • Tell students that they are about to look at photographs and a history of railroads in Florida. Ask the students what they know about railroad history in Florida.
    • What did the railroad industry have to do with Henry Flagler? Henry Plant? A. Philip Randolph? What was the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters?
    • How were railroads part of the phosphate industry? Lumber? Tourism?
  2. The activity:
    • Have students explore the photo exhibit individually or in small groups and make a list of the ways that railroads changed Florida.
    • Make a master list from the student lists.
    • Have the students discuss the list. Group similar items together.
    • Decide which were the most important ways that railroads changed Florida.