Next Generation Sunshine State Standards

This page lists resources from Florida Memory that support the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards. Resource types include exhibits, photo exhibits, collections, and individual documents. Benchmarks are arranged by grade level.

Grade Level 8 - American History

Standard: Demonstrate an understanding of the domestic and international causes, course, and consequences of westward expansion


Describe the debate surrounding the spread of slavery into western territories and Florida.

Examples are abolitionist movement, Ft. Mose, Missouri Compromise, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Compromise of 1850.


Plan of the land between Fort Mossy (Mose) and Saint Augustine (Document)
Hand-drawn plan of the land between Fort Mossy (Mose) and Saint Augustine created between 1765 and 1775.

Papers Concerning the Will of Zephaniah Kingsley, 1844, 1846 (Collection)
Kingsley was a wealthy planter and slave owner in northeast Florida. His heirs included his wife, an African-American named Anna M. J. Kingsley, and their children. While incomplete and inconclusive, these documents reveal the precarious and dynamic status of free blacks in antebellum Florida.


Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as each impacts this era of American history.

Examples are Andrew Jackson's military expeditions to end Indian uprisings, developing relationships between the Seminole and runaway slaves, Adams-Onis Treaty, Florida becoming a United States territory, combining former East and West Floridas, establishing first state capital, Florida's constitution, Florida's admittance to the Union as 27th state.


Act Establishing Florida Statehood, 1845 (Document)
The Act establishing statehood for Iowa and Florida was approved on March 3, 1845 by the second session of the 28th Congress. At the end of this document is indicated "March 5th, 1845. A true copy from the roll in this department."

Florida’s Early Constitutions (Collection)
One of the requirements for a territory to become a State of the Union is that its constitution be approved by Congress. The 1838 constitution was used to fulfill the requirement.

Standard: Examine the causes, course, and consequence of the Civil War and Reconstruction including its effects on American peoples


Explain major domestic and international economic, military, political, and socio-cultural events of Abraham Lincoln's presidency.

Examples are sectionalism, states' rights, slavery, Civil War, attempts at foreign alliances, Emancipation Proclamation, Gettysburg Address, Second Inaugural Address.


“Lincoln Letters” at the State Archives of Florida (Exhibit)
Although there is no evidence that Abraham Lincoln ever visited Florida, his election to the presidency in 1860 and his leadership of the Union during the Civil War had a tremendous influence on Florida just as it did on the rest of the South. This exhibit consist of letters, diaries, government records, and business correspondence dating from 1860 to 1865 that refer to Lincoln as a presidential candidate and the leader of the Union during the Civil War.


Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as each impacts this era of American history.

Examples are slavery, influential planters, Florida’s secession and Confederate membership, women, children, pioneer environment, Union occupation, Battle of Olustee and role of 54th Massachusetts regiment, Battle at Natural Bridge.


Ordinance of Secession, 1861 (Document)
This is a one-page handwritten copy of the Ordinance of Secession passed on January 10, 1861 by the members of the Florida Convention of the People (commonly referred to as the Secession Convention).

Florida’s Early Constitutions (Collection)
The early state constitutions show the evolution of Florida’s political framework.

Mary McLeod Bethune, Educator (Educational Unit)
Mary McLeod Bethune founded the Daytona Normal and Industrial School for Negro Girls, which is now Bethune-Cookman College in Daytona, Florida. Includes photographs and the transcript of an interview for an unfinished biography.

Grade Level 8 - Science

Body of Knowledge: Earth and Space Science


Summarize the effects of space exploration on the economy and culture of Florida.


NASA and the Space Program Change Florida (Educational Unit)
The Space Age changed Florida forever, drawing thousands of new workers to the state and transforming Cape Canaveral into a hub of aeronautics, electronics design, and manufacturing.

NASA Turns 50: Florida's Half Century on the Space Age Frontier (Photo Exhibit)
Although Florida, the state of sunshine and beaches, swamps and alligators, was already home to Cold War-era missile sites, the dawn of the space age would bring dramatic changes to the state's economy, landscape, and culture.

Florida: Moonport USA (Video)
This film starts with a wonderful Mercury launch sequence. It shows a thriving aerospace industry in its prime. Produced by Leroy Crooks; sponsored by FDC.