The 1944 Victory Garden Program
War Food Administration

From: State Defense Council, Subject files, 1940-1946, Series 419

In order to make up for the deficit on the homefront, the War Food Administration encouraged citizens to plant “Victory Gardens.”

The 1944 Victory Garden Program

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The 1944 Victory Garden Program



fruits. Lessened commercial supplies of canned fruits, as well as their cost, would almost dictate that every home owner with sufficient ground space, plant fruit now.

IX. Home Food Preservation and Conservation Most Essential

Not one bit of garden or orchard produce should be allowed to go to waste. All surpluses from home gardens and orchards, or where available, local market surpluses of good-quality vegetables and fruits should be canned or otherwise preserved for use in homes, school lunches, or for welfare purposes.

X. Better Soil Preparation Will Produce More Vegetables

Early and thorough preparation of the garden soil pays big dividends. Fertilizer will never make up for poorly prepared soil. The plowing should be followed by careful harrowing and seedbed preparation than finished with a rake. Many Victory gardeners are learning what a splendid job of garden preparation can be done with a spading fork and rake, in deep preparation of the soil, and by then removing trash and fining the soil.

XI. Get Weeds and Bugs Early

There is need for instructing new and old Victory gardeners that much better crops of finer vegetables will reward their labor if the weeds were eliminated while they are still small. Every experienced gardener knows this, and also that insect pests are much less of a “plague” if he eradicates them before them multiply or have a chance to do damage. We are all learning, too, that much can be done to prevent damage and loss from plant diseases if those too are controlled as soon as possible. More than that, Victory gardeners must learn also to select disease-resistant varieties and plant disease-free seed as far as possible.

XII. A Call to Leadership

To help in reaching the huge goal for 1944, and to help Victory gardeners in their efforts, more competent local garden leaders are needed. We need to have the help of persons who known something of gardening, irrespective of the agency or organization they represent, who constitute a local garden committee, and who will take the lead in organizing and directing the work. We need men and women volunteers who will recruit gardeners, find ground for them, show them how to prepare it, hold garden schools, help gardeners to make garden plans, bring available circulars and bulletins or gardening to the attention of their garden group, conduct garden demonstrations, obtain the help of county extension agents and teachers, and in every way help new and old Victory gardeners to be most successful.