From: State Defense Council, Subject files, 1940-1946, Series 419
In order to make up for the deficit on the homefront, the War Food Administration encouraged citizens to plant “Victory Gardens.”
into the fall. Our gardens can and should produce far more summer and fall greens, such as New Zealand spinach, lettuce, broccoli, endive, turnip greens, Chinese cabbage, collards, kale, spinach. They should also produce more turnips, carrots, beets, salsify, and other root crops to store for winter use.
IV. Use Small-Space Requiring Kings in Small Gardens
Potatoes, sweetpotatoes, sweet corn, squash, and other space-taking crops should not be planted in small gardens – gardens of perhaps less than 1,500 feet. But on farms wherever adequate garden space permits, these crops and vegetable varieties of soybeans should be grown.
V. Many City Gardens Need To Be Larger
City and town Victory Gardens wherever possible, should be made large enough to supply the family’s needs for fresh vegetables in summer and fall, and for canning and storing some of the winter’s supply. The Department of Agriculture says that everyone should eat from 4 to 7 servings of fruits and vegetables every day. Probably many millions do not come up to even the minimum of that standard because of dislike for some vegetables, lack of market supplies, cost, and the ration points required. As more Victor gardeners realize how much vegetables are out of their own gardens, the size and yield of these gardens will be increased. A garden of only 500 square feet, though better than nothing, is small. Three or four times that size should be the goal on city gardens, and a half acre or more for farm gardens.
VI. More School Vegetable Gardens Needed
School vegetable gardens on a scale big enough to produce adequate supplies of vegetables to use fresh and canned for school lunches can contribute greatly to our food supplies and the health of our children.
VII. Plant More Green Leafy Vegetables, Yellow Vegetables, and Tomatoes
Because of the daily need for an adequate intake of the vitamins A and C, and the minerals, lime and iron, far more reliance should be placed on green and leafy vegetables, yellow vegetables, and tomatoes in supplying these health-protecting elements. Our victory gardeners are learning how good salads are when made from vegetables right out of the garden.
VIII. More Home-Grown Fruit Too Must Be Considered
Suburban homesteads and farms should plant far more fruit for use both fresh and preserved in home consumption. Even a small place can grow some strawberries and bush fruits. Many others could also grow tree