The Civil Rights Movement in Florida
Teacher’s Guide for Films
These films provide footage of actual events during the Civil Rights Movement. Teachers should thoroughly screen each film prior to using in the classroom as some scenes and language may not be appropriate for younger students.
Florida Governor Farris Bryant Addresses the Senate Commerce Committee (July 30, 1963)
In this film, Governor Bryant testifies before the Senate Commerce Committee in Washington, D.C. concerning a bill on interstate busing. Bryant argues that if consumers have the right to choose which businesses to patronize, then property owners should also have the right to discriminate against customers. His remarks are typical of white politicians at the time who cited property rights as a way to maintain and uphold segregation.
St. Augustine Civil Rights Demonstrations (1964)
This film, created by the Florida Highway Patrol, provides extensive footage of civil rights demonstrations in St. Augustine during the summer of 1964, including scenes of wade-ins, marches, and speeches by Martin Luther King Jr. The film also includes statements by segregationists Connie Lynch, Richard “Hoss” Manucy, and Ku Klux Klan leader J.B. Stoner.
Selma, Alabama Voting Registration Demonstrations (1965)
This film features footage of voter registration demonstrations in Selma, Alabama during March 1965, including scenes of marches, police attacks on protestors, and remarks by Martin Luther King Jr., Andrew Young, and others. President Lyndon B. Johnson sent former Florida Governor LeRoy Collins to Selma as a representative of the Community Relations Service. Collins is shown with Dr. King during the demonstrations.
Use to Illustrate:
- Different aspects of the Civil Rights Movement (busing, non-violent protest/demonstrations, leadership).
- Arguments used by white politicians to uphold segregation laws.
- Tactics used by civil rights activists to garner media attention and protest segregation using non-violent methods.
Document Analysis Worksheets
Created by the National Archives
Document analysis is the first step in working with primary sources. Teach your students to think through primary source documents for contextual understanding and to extract information to make informed judgments. The document analysis worksheets created by the National Archives and Records Administration are in the public domain.
Next Generation Sunshine State Standards
- SS.4.A.1.1: Analyze primary and secondary resources to identify significant individuals and events throughout Florida history.
SS.4.A.8.1: Identify Florida’s role in the Civil Rights Movement.
Examples may include, but are not limited to, Tallahassee Bus Boycott, civil disobedience, and the legacy of early civil rights pioneers, Harry T. and Harriette V. Moore.
- LAFS.4.RI.1.1:: Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
- LAFS.68.RH.1.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources.
- LAFS.68.RH.1.2: Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of the source distinct from prior knowledge or opinions.
- LAFS.910.RH.1.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information.
- LAFS.910.RH.1.2: Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.
- LAFS.910.RH.3.9: Compare and contrast treatments of the same topic in several primary and secondary sources.
- LAFS.1112.RH.1.1: Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, connecting insights gained from specific details to an understanding of the text as a whole.
- LAFS.1112.RH.1.2: Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary that makes clear the relationships among the key details and ideas.