- First permanent European settlement in the United States
- Photonegative of a drawing by Albert Manucy for the New York Times.
- The Great House/Menendez Fort was the first permanent European settlement in the United States. Pedro Menendez de Aviles destroyed the French settlement at Fort Caroline in 1565 and then moved his people to the Saint Augustine area where the Seloy tribe of the Timucuan nation had a settlement. The chief gave the Great House, a huge probably circular or oval thatched structure capable of holding several hundred people, to them. Around this meeting house the Spanish dug a moat and added fortifications of a breastwork and wooden palisade, to protect the munitions and stores.
- 1 photograph - b&w - 8 x 10 in.
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