Research Starter: Juan Ponce de León's Expeditions to Florida
Research Starter

On April 2, 1513, Juan Ponce de León (1474-1521) landed somewhere along the east coast of Florida. More than 500 Native American nations inhabited the Americas at the time of first contact. The arrival of European and African peoples forever changed life on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean and initiated environmental and demographic changes that continue to the present day.

Juan Ponce de León

Juan Ponce de León

Florida Memory

State Library of Florida

Other Online Resources

Published Sources

  • Bartolomé de Las Casas. A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies. Seville, 1552.
  • Cabeza de Vaca, Álvar Núñez. The Narrative of Cabeza de Vaca. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2003.
  • Clayton, Lawrence A., Edward C. Moore, and Vernon James Knight Jr., eds. The De Soto Chronicles. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama, 1995.
  • Crosby, Alfred W. The Columbian exchange: biological and cultural consequences of 1492. Westport, Conn.: Praeger, 2003.
  • Gannon, Michael. The Cross in the Sand. Gainesville: University of Florida, 1965.
  • Garcilaso de la Vega. The Florida of the Inca. Austin: University of Texas Press, 1951.
  • Knight of Elvas. The Discovery and Conquest of Terra Florida. London, 1851.
  • Milanich, Jerald T. Florida Indians and the Invasion from Europe. Gainesville: University of Florida, 1998.
  • Weber, David J. The Spanish Frontier in North America. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2009.