In March 1812, a group of Georgia settlers known as the Patriot Army invaded Spanish East Florida with de facto support from the United States Government. They had hoped to convince the Spanish colonists to join them and declare Florida’s independence from Spain. The attempt ultimately failed, but during the Patriot Army’s temporary control of Fernandina, the group’s leaders drew up this constitution and formed a government for what they called the Republic of East Florida.
The Honorable James Monroe Esq.
Sir: Being appointed by the Legislative Council of East Florida, to the City of Washington, with full and ample powers to cede to the Government of the United States, the District of Elotchawa in the Republic of East Florida ,and receiving a special Commission for that purpose, I on the 15th of last month sit out for the Seat of Your Government, where I expected to have arrived before this, but their indisposition and other unavoidable circumstances occurring, I have not been able to prosecute my journey, and least my delays should be attended with some unpleasant consequences, I have thought it most avoidable to make a stand at Louisburgh, Franklin County, North Carolina