Florida, Jefferson County, where it is, and what can be done here.

Florida, Jefferson County, where it is, and what can be done here.

Published Date

  • published 1887

Geographic Term

  • Monticello, Jefferson County.


  • '' Jefferson County is the Banner County of the State. More of its chief crop, cotton, is produced that in any county in the State. Its resources are unlimited, its climate unsurpassed, its soil equals any in any civilized country. ... Any further information about the county, etc., will be cheerfully given. Yours respectfully, E. B. Bailey. Monticello, Fla., September 1887.''


ton), from same land. It stands at the head of the list of forage plants-
stock will leave timothy or any food for it. I believe mules can cultivate
with it alone as food, anyway with half rations of corn. Ten to thirty
tons per acre for ensilage, proportionately less for hay. While I do not
gamble, I have frequently offered to bet two to one, $500 or less, that I can
cut enough after getting off a crop of oats, etc., and in time for turnips,
rye, etc., to pay twice for the land it grows on at present prices (which is
based on low price of cotton), over and above all costs of cutting and baling
and marketing. I have preserved it as ensilage for winter food. I have
tried ensilage in wooden silos, both above and under ground, and it keeps
perfectly, except in a few inches of the top and sides, though it keeps better
in a clay bank, which can be so arranged as to avoid cost of elevating
the ensilage. We can feed on cotton seed meal (our native product, and
the most concentrated and nutritious stock food in the world), at really no
legitimate cost, as we use it as a fertilizer, and its passage through stock
does not take from it its fertilizing properties, but renders it in more available
condition for plant food. It is a complete plant food, and no "pole-cat
and sand" about it. Prof. Stewart, of New York, in his book on "Feeding
Animals," places cotton seed meal at a value for stock food of $2.30 per
100 pounds, compared to corn meal at $1.12 oats at 98 cents and good hay
75 cents per 100 pounds. I buy cotton seed at 6 and 7 cents per bushel.
Edward Atkinson says that if they could raise cotton in Pennsylvania they
could afford to raise it for the seed alone, and it is undoubtedly a fact, as
many bushels of cotton seed could be produced to the acre as of corn, and
it is more nutritious, besides its valuable oil as a profit. We can raise corn
as cheap as in Illinois by getting up stumps and using proper implements,
besides having a pasture for three or four months after the corn is gathered
of more value than clover. With capital to buy the stock and build fences
and run the business, I believe I could raise a steer at a cost of $10 to $20
that would sell in New York, or nearer, at a net price of $50 to $80. There
is no country where vegetation grows as it does here. Cotton in North
Carolina two feet high may have as much fruit on it as cotton eight feet
high here - it shows the growth of vegetation. I have seen Le Conte pear
trees grow fourteen feet in one season, from March to November. I have
seen trees at Thomasville fifteen years old with thirty bushels of fruit to
the tree, and they sold in New York this season as high as $12 per barrel.
I have two acres within 100 feet of the depot and on the railroad I offer
for $2,000. It paid ten per cent. clear profit this year from first shipment
(seven or eight years old). I believe it may increase to 100 per cent within
five years. Tobacco grows to perfection here, I had a piece 30x100 feet
that grew seven or eight feet high, and not a single plowing and only one
hoeing. Mr. Bruce makes a perfect success of some ten acres, and Mr. W.
M. Girardeau of two acres. Cane, potatoes and all root crops grow to absolute
perfection here. This section, after tests by competent Frenchmen
and others, is considered equal to France for vineyards. Receiver Duval,
of the Florida Railway and Navigation Company, has employed expert
judges of tobacco to investigate and report on the advantages of this section
for tobacco, and they say this is the finest tobacco section (Middle
Florida), in the United States. South Florida's climate may be worth $1,000
per acre, but it lacks good red clay soil. Mississippi bottoms lack health-
fullness, New York lacks good climate and Southern California is subject
to seasons of extreme drought and is dependent on irrigation. Middle
Florida has soil, climate, healthfulness and good seasons all combined in
such a degree as is not equaled by any other section, and its advantages
only needs to be advertised to get in people and capital to develop it and
make it a garden spot of America, and most prosperous section. Today
more lines of railroads are projected through here than any other section.
I also offer for sale
Le Conte pear trees, 1 year old $15 per 100
" " " 2 " 20 per 100
" " " 3 " 25 per 100
Finest nursery stock I have ever seen. I will guarantee one-year -olds,
five to eight feet high, and I think will average seven feet; two-year-olds,
well branched and beautiful trees, six feet to nine feet, and I think will average
eight or nine feet; three-year-olds, seven to ten feet - they may be
larger - all healthy and genuine Le Contes, nicely packed and F. O. B. cars.
Paper shell pecan trees, most excellent variety, $25 per 100, one year old;
$35 per 100, two years old. Kolb Gem melon seed, 40 cents per pound.
Hay and corn, by car load, delivered. Finest syrup, made on evaporator,
pure and healthy, by the barrel, 50 cents per gallon. F. O. B. cars. Beggar
lice seed 50 cents per quart; $8 per bushel. Should be sown at any convenient
time in the winter or spring, and it is not necessary to plow it under,
as plowing for oats or corn will answer. Can be sown as late as
May; will come up after a crop in May or June or July. Two quarts, as
they are small seed, will give a fair seeding for an acre; more would be
better. If cut only once the first year it will reseed itself and continue to
for all time unless cut two or three times a season for several successive
seasons. Any further information about the county, etc., will be cheerfully
given. Yours respectfully, E. B. Bailey,
Monticello, Fla., September, 1887.