The Florida Union, is published every Saturday morning, at Jacksonville, Florida.

The Florida Union, is published every Saturday morning, at Jacksonville, Florida.

Published Date

  • ca. 1867

Geographic Term

  • Jacksonville.


  • An advertisement describing the Florida Union (Jacksonville newspaper) and includes an article about Florida, specifically Jacksonville: physical description; economic and social description; professions; land and farming opportunities; climate. Edward M. Cheney, Editor & publisher. Jacksonville, July 1, 1867.



[left column]

From the "Florida Union."
To all Whom it May concern.
We have before us a pile of letters, from all
parts of the Union, some addressed to ourselves,
and some to other residents of this city, asking
for information concerning Florida. The range
covered by these questions is very extensive and
proper answers to them all would fill a large
volume. We will however, endeavor to condense
into as small a space as possible the substance
of the information required.

Jacksonville is situated on the north bank
of the St. John's River, about twenty-five miles
from its mouth. The streets are wide, regularly
laid out and line 1 with shade trees, chiefly with
evergreen oaks, interspersed with the China trees
and Magnolia's, while the yards and gardens
contain orange, lemon and fig trees alternately
filled with blossoms or fruit. The location is
pleasant and healthy, though quite level and
sandy. The population, including the immediate
vicinity on both sides of the river is somewhere in
the neighborhood of three or four thousand, at least
half of whom are freedmen. The chief business
of the place centres in the lumber trade,
though this at present is very dull, -half a dozen
or more steam saw mills being situated on
the river front in or near the city. Mercantile
business is confined to supplying the immediate
wants of the city; traders up the river and
plantations in the back country. Prices as a
rule are higher that at the north. Board at the
hotels three dollars a day or from twelve to fifteen
dollars per week. Rents high, owing to the
scarcity of houses to accomodate [sic] the rapidly increasing

A weekly meteorological record, giving the extremes
of heat and cold and the mean temperature
for each week, together with the state of the
weather, -reliable market reports for lumber
and the retail prices of vegetables, fruits and
provisions; -a church directory for the city &c,

[right column]

&c, will all be found in another column of this

Lawyers and Doctors, can come here but
with a poor prospect of lucrative business. The
wants of the people are more than supplied in
both these professions. There is however no
Homeopathic physician in the place and such an
one, if able in his profession, experienced and
well recommended might make a fair start.

Mechanics, can generally find profitable employment.
Millwrights, get $5 per day but work
in this trade is uncertain. Good carpenters find
steady work at three dollars per day, masons
also get three dollars per day, but, as most of the
buildings here are of wood without cellars, the
amount of work is limited. Fair board for
mechanics can be obtained at from six to ten
dollars per week. Any class of mechanics, if
industrious, can do well here.

Laborers, receive from ten to fifteen dollars
a month, with board, or twenty-five to thirty
dollars without. The laborers at present are all
colored and work chiefly on the plantations.

Provisions. - Meat and fish are good and
cheap. Beef as it runs averaging about eight
to twelve cents per pound. Vegetables about
the same as at the north, -and plenty. Fruits
and berries the same. Milk is scarce, as few
cows are kept for the purpose, and condensed
milk is generally used by families.

Land can be purchased in any quantity and
at almost any price. Improved lands, -taking
improved and waste lands together as the plantations
run - are worth an average of ten dollars
an acre. Wild lands uncleared can be
bought at from fifty cents to five dollars an acre
according to quality and location.
Farming is easy and profitable. The soil is
light and sandy, and an excellent manure is
found in abundance in every swamp. A
small farm of twenty-five to a hundred acres