|s222_v238_01||Interposition Resolution in Response to Brown v. Board of Education, 1957||text||African Americans--Civil rights|
Interposition Resolution in Response to Brown v. Board of Education, 1957
- The Florida State Legislature passed this resolution in opposition to the 1954 U.S. Supreme Court decision in the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas case that ended legal segregation in public education. Racial segregation was originally found to be constitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court in the landmark Plessy v. Ferguson case in 1896. That decision laid the legal foundation for what became known as Jim Crow laws throughout the nation, and especially in the U.S. South, by declaring segregation legal only if the facilities were "separate but equal." The Brown decision removed that foundation, and many segregationists saw the case as an opening wedge to ending all segregation. Therefore, the Florida Legislature argued that the decision usurped the state constitutional powers, and passed the resolution to declare the Court's decision in 1954 as null and void.
|s222_1907_ch5715||An Act to Remove the Remains of Ponce de Leon to St. Augustine, Florida, 1907||text||Bills, Legislative--Florida|
|s222_v407_1172||Ratification of the 19th Amendment by the Florida Legislature, 1969||text||Women--Suffrage|
Ratification of the 19th Amendment by the Florida Legislature, 1969
- Senate concurrent resolution number 1172 ratifying the 19th Amendment. Florida was not one of the states that ratified the 19th Amendment during 1919-1920. In fact, neither house of the Florida Legislature had even voted on the measure. Though the Legislature would pass a law in 1921 that provided the vote to all residents, it was not until 1969 that it symbolically ratified the 19th Amendment. The resolution passed Florida's Senate and House of Representatives on May 13 and was approved on May 22.