342 items found
Collection ID is exactly "1" AND Subject is exactly "Gospel (Black)"
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WPA field recordings in Jacksonville and Ybor City (1939 recording expedition: Herbert Halpert)

WPA field recordings in Jacksonville and Ybor City (1939 recording expedition: Herbert Halpert)

Date
1939-06-18
Description
One reel to reel. (These recordings appear at the start of the reel. The rest of the reel is another WPA expedition.) All of Zora Neale Hurston's Florida recordings can be found on C87-24, including those on this reel. These recordings were created by folklorist Halpert -- originally of New York City, and later a pioneer in the field, in June 1939. This was part of a larger nine-state fieldwork tour of the South between 12 March and 30 June 1939. He created a total of twelve 12-inch acetate records in Florida. On this recording, Halpert was assisted by Stetson Kennedy in Jacksonville. In Ybor City, he recorded Cuban drummer Bermudez. For more detailed information on the recordings, see S 1579, box 3, for copies of the original LOC indexes. The Works Progress Administration (WPA) – after 1939, the Works Projects Administration – was a work-relief program created in 1935 by the Roosevelt Administration that employed over 8.5 million people between 1935 and 1943. One of its programs was the Federal Writers Project (FWP), which included the Folklore Section. This section conducted fieldwork, recording songs, traditions, and stories across the nation. Originally created to gather material for the American Guide Series, but later emphasis was placed upon fieldwork for preservation of folk traditions for future use. In Florida, the FWP was based out of Jacksonville, and directed by historian Carita Doggett Corse. Folklorist Stetson Kennedy directed the Florida Folklife section. Seven recording expeditions were conducted in Florida. Two were conducted between 1935 and 1937, before the creation of the Florida Folklore Section: one by Alan Lomax and Zora Neale Hurston, and the other by John and Ruby Lomax. After 1939, five more were conducted by Florida’s FWP staff: Kennedy, Hurston, Robert Cook, Alton Morris, Corse, Robert Cornwell, John Filareton, and Herbert Halpert (of the Joint Committee on Folk Art’s Southern Recording Expedition.) Recording equipment was loaned to Florida’s WPA program by the Library of Congress’ Archive of the American Folk Song (later the American Folk Center). The field recordings were made on acetate disks, usually recorded at 78 rpm (although occasionally at 33 rpm). Because these disks were shipped from Washington DC to Florida, then to the recording site, and then back to Washington, these disks often were not of the highest sonic quality. Several had surface scratches and many had various recording speeds. In 1986, the FFP staff made copies of many of these recordings onto reel to reels for inclusion to the Florida Folklife Archive. The originals are still housed with the Library of Congress.
Collection
Willie James and Tom Walton at the 1989 Florida Folk Festival (Main Stage)

Willie James and Tom Walton at the 1989 Florida Folk Festival (Main Stage)

Date
1989-05-27
Description
One reel to reel recording. Walker served as emcee. James played piano, and Walton the guitar. Both sang.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1992 Florida Folk Festival (Main stage)

Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1992 Florida Folk Festival (Main stage)

Date
1992-05-23
Description
One reel to reel recording.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Old Marble Stage)

Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Old Marble Stage)

Date
1988-05-28
Description
One reel to reel recording. Roller served as emcee.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Date
1988-05-28
Description
Two reel to reel recordings. In 1988, the folklife area focused on Southwest Florida.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Date
1988-05-27
Description
One reel to reel recording. In 1988, the folklife area focused on Southwest Florida.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Date
1988-05-27
Description
Two reel to reel recordings. In 1988, the folklife area focused on Southwest Florida.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)

Date
1988-05-29
Description
Two reel to reel recordings. In 1988, the folklife area focused on Southwest Florida.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk Festival

Willie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk Festival

Date
1984-05-26
Description
Twenty-three color slides. Blues singer McClain performing on the main stage. Known as Diamond Teeth Mary for the jewels she placed in her teeth in the 1940s, Mary was born in West Virginia, and always claimed to be the half sister of fellow blues singer Bessie Smith. In 1918, she moved to Florida's Gulf Coast. During her later years, she lived in Bradenton, Florida. Although McClain was a popular performer in the 1920s and 1930s, she stopped performing the blues for many years. She was rediscovered by the Florida Folklife Program in the 1980s. In 1986, she won the Florida Folk Heritage Award in 1986. She died on 4 April 2000.
Collection
Willie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk Festival

Willie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk Festival

Date
1984-05-27
Description
Twelve color slides. Singer McClain, of Bradenton, and pianist Blind Willie James, of St. Petersburg, performing at the festival's main stage. Known as Diamond Teeth Mary for the jewels she placed in her teeth in the 1940s, Mary was born in West Virginia, and always claimed to be the half sister of fellow blues singer Bessie Smith. In 1918, she moved to Florida's Gulf Coast. During her later years, she lived in Bradenton, Florida. Although McClain was a popular performer in the 1920s and 1930s, she stopped performing the blues for many years. She was rediscovered by the Florida Folklife Program in the 1980s. In 1986, she won the Florida Folk Heritage Award in 1986. She died on 4 April 2000.
Collection
Identifier Title Type Subject Thumbnail
a_s1576_t86-245aWPA field recordings in Jacksonville and Ybor City (1939 recording expedition: Herbert Halpert)SoundFieldwork
New Deal, 1933-1939
Interviews
Public service employment
Public welfare
United States. Work Projects Administration
African Americans
Folklorists
A capella singers
Performing arts
A capella singing
Music performance
Singing
Preachers
Gospel (Black)
Gospel music
Drum music
Dance music
Work songs
Arts, Cuban
Drum performance
Musicians
Drummers (Musicians)
Singers
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/audio.jpg
a_s1576_t89-121aWillie James and Tom Walton at the 1989 Florida Folk Festival (Main Stage)SoundSingers
Musicians
Pianists
Guitarist
Festivals
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Special events
Music performance
African Americans
Gospel (Black)
Gospel songs
Religious music
Religious songs
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_audio.jpg
a_s1576_t92-038Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1992 Florida Folk Festival (Main stage)SoundPianists
Singers
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Festivals
Special events
Performing arts
Performances
Music performance
Piano music (Blues)
African Americans
Gospel music
Gospel (Black)
Gospel songs
Singing
Religious music
Blues singers
Musicians
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_audio.jpg
a_s1576_t88-119Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Old Marble Stage)SoundSingers
Pianists
Festivals
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Special events
Music performance
Singing
Gospel (Black)
African Americans
Piano music
Gospel music
Religious music
Musicians
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_audio.jpg
a_s1576_t88-077Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)SoundBlues singers
Singers
Pianists
Festivals
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Special events
Music performance
Musicians
Singing
Piano music
Gospel (Black)
African Americans
Gospel music
Religious songs
Blues (Music)
Piano music (Blues)
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_audio.jpg
a_s1576_t88-065Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)SoundBlues singers
Singers
Pianists
Festivals
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Special events
Music performance
Musicians
Singing
Piano music
Gospel (Black)
African Americans
Gospel music
Religious songs
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_audio.jpg
a_s1576_t88-068Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)SoundFestivals
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Special events
Music performance
Musicians
Singing
Piano music
Gospel (Black)
African Americans
Gospel music
Religious songs
Blues (Music)
Piano music (Blues)
Blues singers
Singers
Pianists
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/audio.jpg
a_s1576_t88-084Willie James and Mary McClain performing at the 1988 Florida Folk Festival (Folklife Stage)SoundBlues singers
Singers
Pianists
Festivals
Folk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Special events
Music performance
Musicians
Singing
Piano music
Gospel (Black)
African Americans
Gospel music
Religious songs
Blues (Music)
Piano music (Blues)
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_audio.jpg
Willie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk FestivalWillie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk FestivalStill ImageFolk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Music performance
Performing arts
Singing
Pianos
Piano music (Blues)
Blues singers
Blues (Music)
Gospel (Black)
Religious music
African Americans
Pianists
Singers
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_photo.jpg
Willie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk FestivalWillie James and Mary McClain at the 1984 Florida Folk FestivalStill ImageFolk festivals
Folklore revival festivals
Pianos
Blues singers
Blues (Music)
Piano music (Blues)
African Americans
Music performance
Gospel (Black)
Religious music
Singing
Pianists
Singers
/fpc/memory/omeka_images/thumbnails/catalog_photo.jpg
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