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Reconstructed tabby slave cabin at Kingsley Plantation State Historic Site: Fort George Island, Florida (1982)

Reconstructed tabby slave cabin at Kingsley Plantation State Historic Site: Fort George Island, Florida (1982)

Image Number: PR14333

Tabby is a concrete-like substance made from sand, oyster shells, and lime, a technology transplanted from Africa. The use of tabby was prevalent in Florida and coastal Georgia in the 1700s and early 1800s.

Detail of whole-shell tabby concrete at the Kingsley Plantation State Historical Site : Fort George Island, Florida (1981)

Detail of whole-shell tabby concrete at the Kingsley Plantation State Historical Site : Fort George Island, Florida (1981)

Image Number: FS81160

Houston Avenue, leading up to Kingsley Plantation State Park: Jacksonville, Florida (195-)

Houston Avenue, leading up to Kingsley Plantation State Park: Jacksonville, Florida (195-)

Image Number: FPS00277

Drawing of the Kingsley mansion at the Kingsley Plantation (1878)

Drawing of the Kingsley mansion at the Kingsley Plantation (1878)

Image Number: PR10577

Zephaniah Kingsley moved to Ft. George Island in 1810, and is credited with construction of the oldest surviving plantation house in Florida.

Main house under restoration by the Florida Park Service at Kingsley Plantation State Park: Jacksonville, Florida (1956)

Main house under restoration by the Florida Park Service at Kingsley Plantation State Park: Jacksonville, Florida (1956)

Image Number: FPS00761

Kitchen and main residence at Kingsley Plantation State Historic Site: Fort George Island, Florida (1982)

Kitchen and main residence at Kingsley Plantation State Historic Site: Fort George Island, Florida (1982)

Image Number: PR14329

The kitchen was often called the John "Don Juan" McQueen house, after the person who first built Kingsley Plantation. It was later called the Anna Jai (Anna Kingsley) house, after Kingsley's wife. The kitchen building's foundation was made of tabby.

Former slave at Kingsley Plantation: Fort George Island, Florida (19--?)

Former slave at Kingsley Plantation: Fort George Island, Florida (19--?)

Image Number: N048492

Drawing of tabby houses at the Kingsley Plantation (1878)

Drawing of tabby houses at the Kingsley Plantation (1878)

Image Number: PR10579

The tabby houses were formerly slave quarters.

Tabby slave cabins at Kingsley Plantation Historic State Site: Fort George Island, Florida (1982)

Tabby slave cabins at Kingsley Plantation Historic State Site: Fort George Island, Florida (1982)

Image Number: PR14332

The cabin on the right was reconstructed by park staff.

Two 19th-century crypts on Fort George Island: Jacksonville, Florida (1998)

Two 19th-century crypts on Fort George Island: Jacksonville, Florida (1998)

Image Number: PR24704

The crypts are believed to be for Ann Bayard Houstoun and Mary McIntosh (daughter of then-owner of Kingsley Plantation John McIntosh), both of whom died in 1808.

For more information on Zephaniah and Anna Kingsley, see Papers Concerning the Will of Zephaniah Kingsley, 1844, 1846.