Mary McLeod Bethune
Photos and History

Mary Jane McLeod

Mary McLeod Bethune was born Mary Jane McLeod on July 10, 1875 in Mayesville, South Carolina.

Mayesville cabin where Mary McLeod Bethune was born (18--)

Cabin in Mayesville, South Carolina where Mary McLeod Bethune was born (late 1800s)

Image number: PR00786

Samuel and Patsy McIntosh McLeod of Mayesville, South Carolina, parents of Mary McLeod Bethune and 16 other children, were former slaves. Rachel and Maria, Mary McLeod Bethune’s sisters, are in front of the cabin in this photograph.

Samuel and Patsy McIntosh McLeod (late 1800s)

Samuel and Patsy McIntosh McLeod (late 1800s)

Image number: PR00782

Samuel and Patsy McIntosh McLeod of Mayesville, South Carolina; former slaves and parents of Mary McLeod Bethune.

Daytona Normal and Industrial School for Negro Girls

After being sponsored at a mission school in South Carolina, and receiving a scholarship to Moody Bible Institute, Bethune moved to Daytona Beach in 1904 to begin her own school. Her one room school became known as the Daytona Normal and Industrial School for Negro Girls, and taught reading, writing and home economics.

Mary McLeod Bethune with a line of girls from her school (ca. 1905)

Mary McLeod Bethune with a line of girls from her school (ca. 1905)

Image number: N041432

Daytona Normal and Industrial School students at their barn (ca. 1912)

Daytona Normal and Industrial School students at their barn (ca. 1912)

Image number: PR00785

Mary McLeod Bethune (second from left) with teachers, male helpers, students, cows, a mule and a horse.

Sewing and needlework classes at Daytona Normal and Industrial School (ca. 1905)

Sewing and needlework classes at Daytona Normal and Industrial School (ca. 1905)

Image number: PR00784 

Mary McLeod Bethune started her school in 1904 with $1.50 in her pocket and five girls in a rented cabin. By 1918, school property included a four story building called Faith Hall, a two story building used as a kitchen, and a new $40,000 auditorium. Campus grounds sprawled across 20 acres, where students took courses in sewing, dressmaking, domestic science, gardening, poultry farming, raffia work, rug weaving, chair caning, broom making, teacher and nurses training. An additional building, some distance from the main campus, was used for the education of boys and men.

Laundry at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (ca. 1910)

Laundry at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (ca. 1910)

Image number: PR00783

Group portrait at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (1919)

Group portrait at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (1919)

Image number: PR00790

Mary M. Bethune, principal (1910 or 1911)

Mary McLeod Bethune, principal (1910 or 1911)

Image number: N028177

Mary McLeod Bethune (ca. 1904)

Mary McLeod Bethune (ca. 1904)

Image number: PR00788

Meal preparation at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (ca. 1912)

Meal preparation at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (ca. 1912)

Image number: PR00796

Mary McLeod Bethune is third from the left. This was possibly taken inside the original Faith Hall.

Mary McLeod Bethune (ca. 1920)

Mary McLeod Bethune (ca. 1920)

Image number: PR00755

Cooking class at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (1910 or 1911)

Cooking class at the Daytona Normal and Industrial School (1910 or 1911)

Image number: N028176

Mary McLeod Bethune is first on the left.