Grades

4, 9–12

Next Generation Sunshine State Standards

  • SS.4.A.6.1
    Describe the economic development of Florida's major industries.
    Examples are timber, citrus, cattle, tourism, phosphate, cigar.
  • SS.4.A.6.4
    Describe effects of the Spanish-American War on Florida.
    Examples are Rough Riders, cigar industry.
  • SS.912.A.3.13
    Examine key events and key people in Florida history as they relate to United States history.
    Examples are the railroad industry; bridge construction in the Florida Keys; the cattle industry; the cigar industry; the influence of Cuban, Greek and Italian immigrants; Henry B. Plant; William Chipley; Henry Flagler; George Proctor; Thomas DeSaille Tucker; Hamilton Disston.
  • SS.912.A.7.17
    Examine key events and key people in Florida history as they relate to United States history.
    Examples are selection of Central Florida as a location for Disney; growth of the citrus and cigar industries; construction of Interstates; Harry T. Moore; Pork Chop Gang; Claude Pepper; changes in the space program; use of DEET; Hurricane Andrew; the Election of 2000; migration and immigration; Sunbelt state.

Overview

Students will analyze photographs of cigar making in Florida.

Objectives

Students will:

  • explore the Cigar Making in Florida photo exhibit.
  • look for evidence that cigar making changed Florida.

Materials Needed

  1. Cigar Making in Florida photographs
  2. Worksheets
  3. This lesson uses the cooperative learning strategy known as the "jigsaw" technique.

Lesson Plan

  1. Activate prior knowledge:
    • Tell students that they are about to look at photographs and a history of cigar making in Florida. Ask the students what they know about cigar making in Florida.
    • What does cigar making have to do with the Spanish-American War? With Ybor City? With Tampa? With the unions and mutual aid societies?
  2. The activity:
    1. Split students into 5 person expert groups. Each group will investigate a different question. Assign one of the following questions to each group.
      • How did the cigar industry change Key West?
      • Did Cuban Americans in the cigar industry support or oppose the Spanish-American War? Why and how?
      • Did the cigar industry support or oppose unions? Why and how? What did the Lector do?
      • How did the cigar industry change Tampa? Why was Ybor City built?
      • What were the mutual aid societies?
    2. Have the students go to the Cigar Making in Florida photo exhibit to research their questions. Have students discuss and record the information with their groups.
    3. Give each student a chance to summarize and rehearse the main points of the research. Prepare students to present their findings in jigsaw groups.
    4. Split students into jigsaw groups. The jigsaw groups will have one student from each of the expert groups.
    5. Students will use the information from all the group members to answer the question, "How did the cigar making industry change Florida?"