Engraving of John Horse.

Engraving of John Horse.

Credit this photo: State Archives of Florida, Florida Memory, http://floridamemory.com/items/show/31659
(please include photographer's name when noted).


  • Engraving of John Horse.

Image Number

  • RC08718


  • ca 1842

Series Title

    Biography Note

  • John Horse, also known as Gopher John (Juan Cavallo/Caballo), was an interpreter and war leader during the Second Seminole War. There is an interesting legend as to how John Horse acquired the nickname, "Gopher John." He had owned a few turtles and was asked to sell them to a U.S. Army Commander. The commander kept asking John to supply him with more turtles and paid John for them. When it was time for a big turtle meat banquet at the Army camp, the commander noticed only a few turtles in the pen. John had re-sold the officer his own turtles over and over again. At first angry, then mollified by John's ingeniousness, he made the youth supply the turtles paid for and nicknamed him Gopher John to serve as a constant reminder of his prank.

Physical Description

  • 1 photoprint - b&w - 10 x 8 in.

Subject Term

Geographic Term

Personal Subject

Shelf Number

  • Shelf number: 06705.

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