Timucuan Warfare

Timucuan Warfare

Title

  • Timucuan Warfare

Published Date

  • published 1940

Transcript

[page 3]
headlong pace, for whichever side first slew an enemy, that side claimed
the victory, even if eventually it was soundly beaten.

A victory was an occasion for feasting and rejoicing. At such a
time, the Indians assembled at the place of celebration and squatted in a
great circle, facing the trophies of battle. The medicine man entered the
circle, holding a small image, and preceded to condemn the enemy with a
"thousand imprecations." As each utterance came rolling forth, three
men kneeling before him pounded a stone with a club, marking time to
each word. Two others, with pebble-filled gourds, added exclamation
points and periods with a sort of chant. After the ceremony, a war dance
was begun, followed by feasting and much bragging.

As in all times, war brought sadness to both victor and
vanquished. In one of Le Moyne's drawings of the 16th century is
pictured the widows of one of these wars. They are shown strewing
their shorn tresses upon the graves of their lords; each grave marked only
by the warrior's weapons and his drinking shell. A widow was
forbidden to remarry before her hair had again grown to her waist.

In another picture, by the same artist, the widows are shown
kneeling around the chief, begging for his assistance and protection
during widowhood and asking that their term of widowhood be
lessened.