Remember back before the Internet when you needed the “phone book” to find a phone number or address for a person or business? These days, we tend to use printed directories for booster seats and doorstops more than for their intended purpose, but these volumes do have a critical role to play as a historical resource. Especially the older ones.
For many Florida municipalities, city directories have been published annually for over a century. The content in each volume varies by town, year, and publisher, but generally they include an alphabetical list of residents with addresses, a classified business directory, information about local officials, clubs, public services, and societies, and a street guide. Some directories also include information on nearby towns too small to have their own published directories.
City directories are a goldmine for genealogists, because they can potentially provide several kinds of information about an individual:
- Where the person lived
- The person’s occupation
- The names of persons living in the same home (including spouse) or neighborhood
- Who lived at the same address before someone moved in
- Where the person moved to/from (if in the same city)
- How long a person lived in a particular city
These volumes are also useful for local historians because they can help with tracing the history of a particular building, a business, a club or society, or other local entity.
City directories may be found in public libraries, the State Library of Florida, or through one of a number of online databases. Ancestry.com provides searchable digitized editions of many Florida city directories, and a number of Florida cities have completed their own digitization projects to make the directories available online.
So how do you use these city directories for family history research? Let’s make an example of this gentleman whose portrait is included in the Florida Photographic Collection: