Civil Rights Photo Exhibit

In commemoration of Black History Month, this series of blog posts highlights African-American history in Florida.

Floridians played a prominent role in the long struggle for civil rights. Visit our online photo exhibit to learn more about important events and individuals in the Civil Rights Movement in Florida.

NAACP march on the Capitol, Tallahassee, early 1960s

NAACP march on the Capitol, Tallahassee, early 1960s

 

Resources for Black History Month

Looking for Black History Month resources? Find them on Florida Memory.

African American history in Florida dates back to the first explorers of the early 16th century. Our Black History Month resources page provides links to resources for students and teachers, or anyone who wants to learn more about the prominent role of African Americans in Florida history.

Mary McLeod Bethune, Daytona Beach, ca. 1904

Mary McLeod Bethune, Daytona Beach, ca. 1904

Civil Rights Exhibit at the State Archives

Stop by the lobby of the R.A. Gray Building (500 South Bronough Street) in Tallahassee during the month of February to see our photographic exhibit: “Images of the Civil Rights Movement in Tallahassee, 1956-1963.”

Presented in recognition of Black History Month, and in commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the Civil Rights Act, the images featured in the exhibit honor only a few of the many events and individuals critical to the Civil Rights Movement in Tallahassee.

Sit-In at Woolworth’s lunch counter (February 13, 1960)

Sit-In at Woolworth’s lunch counter (February 13, 1960)

The above photograph shows the first of several sit-ins held at department stores in downtown Tallahassee. Seated and wearing dark glasses is prominent activist and local Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) organizer Patricia Stephens (later Due).

Patricia Stephens (later Due) being arrested by Tallahassee Police (May 30, 1963)

Patricia Stephens (later Due) being arrested by Tallahassee Police (May 30, 1963)

The above photograph was taken on the day Tallahassee Police arrested 260 FAMU students for protesting in front of the segregated Florida Theater.

National Hat Day

It’s National Hat Day!

Hats are the perfect accessory to complete your outfit and shield you from the sun. So don your favorite and celebrate!

Fanny Gibbons, Tallahassee, ca. 1890

Fanny Gibbons, Tallahassee, ca. 1890

 

Unidentified man, Tallahassee, ca. 1900

Unidentified man, Tallahassee, ca. 1900

 

Annie Ray Andrews, ca. 1900

Annie Ray Andrews, ca. 1900

 

Unidentified women by the pool in Sarasota, 1947

Unidentified women by the pool, Sarasota, 1947

 

Ann Williamson, 1949

Ann Williamson, 1949

 

Moby the pilot whale at Marineland, ca. 1965

Moby the pilot whale, Marineland, ca. 1965

 

In front of the Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine, 1968

Unidentified woman with a horse in front of the Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine, 1968

 

Helen Bishop, Orlando, 1987

Helen Bishop, Orlando, 1987

National Hobby Month

January is National Hobby Month! It’s the perfect time to keep that New Year’s Resolution and finish that quilt, collect those stamps, or hike that hill!

Fishing, Taylor Creek, ca. 1910

Fishing in Taylor Creek, ca. 1910

 

Landscaping, Winter Haven, 1952

Lounging and landscaping, Winter Haven, 1952

 

Coin and gem collectors show, Miami, 1956

Coin and gem collectors show, Miami, 1956

 

Camping, Everglades, 1959

Cooking by the campfire, Everglades, 1959

 

Golf at the Tri-City Suncoast Festival, Dunedin, 1960

Golf at the Tri-City Suncoast Festival, Dunedin, 1960

 

Quilting bee, White Springs, ca. 1965

Quilting bee, White Springs, ca. 1965

 

Juggling, White Springs, 1990

Juggling, White Springs, 1990

Christmas Card Day

Merry Christmas Card Day! Have you sent yours yet?

Aldridge family siblings (Cornelia Ward & John West), Tallahassee, 1915

Aldridge family siblings (Cornelia Ward & John West), Tallahassee, 1915

 

Florida Christmas Greeting, postmarked December 14, 1926

Florida Christmas Greeting, postmarked December 14, 1926

 

Steinmetz family, 1936

Steinmetz family, 1936

 

Emmett Kelly, 1955

Emmett Kelly, 1955

Emmett Kelly, Ringling Circus clown known for his hobo pantomime character “Weary Willie,” used this photograph, taken by Joe Steinmetz, for his Christmas card in 1955. Lois Duncan, Joe’s daughter, shared with us the story behind this photograph.

Seminole Tribe Chairman James Billie and family, 1985

Seminole Tribe Chairman James Billie and family, 1985

James Billie is Chairman of the Seminole Tribe of Florida. He frequently performed at the Florida Folk Festival in the 1980s.

Annual Hale Smith Community Pig Out (December 7, 2013)

Looking to pig out this weekend? Do you enjoy your roast pork served with a side of history?

If so, join the Panhandle Archeological Society at Tallahassee (PAST), the Florida Bureau of Archaeological Research, and the Florida State University Archaeological Society on Saturday, December 7, from 10:30 AM to 3:00 PM at the Governor Martin House (1001 de Soto Park Drive) in Tallahassee for the 36th Annual Hale Smith Community Pig Out. The event, appropriately held near the Hernando de Soto Winter Encampment Site, will feature food, kid’s activities, and knowledgeable archeologists on hand to serve up roast pork and dish out history related to the site.

Annual Hale Smith Community Pig Roast, sponsored by PAST, Governor Martin House, December 7, 2013, 10:30 AM to 3:00 PM

Download flier .pdf

Archaeological evidence found near the Governor Martin House suggests that an expedition under the command of Spanish conquistador Hernando de Soto spent the winter of 1539-40 just east of downtown Tallahassee, in the vicinity of modern-day Myers Park. De Soto and his entourage occupied an Apalachee village known as Anhaica, before Native American warriors drove them from Florida.

According to historical documents, de Soto brought, among other things, a number of pigs on the expedition as a source of food. These pigs, and others introduced to Florida in the 16th century, form the genetic basis of feral populations that inhabit the southeastern U.S. today.

Read up on the history and significance of the de Soto site before you feast: Charles R. Ewen and John H. Hann, Hernando de Soto among the Apalachee: The Archaeology of the First Winter Encampment (Gainesville: University of Florida Press, 1998).

Polly Parker, Survivor

Polly Parker escaped deportation during the Third Seminole War and laid the foundation for the modern Seminole Tribe of Florida.

Painting of Polly Parker by Robert Butler, Brighton Reservation, 1989

Painting of Polly Parker by Robert Butler, Brighton Reservation, 1989

Polly Parker (Emateloye) was captured by the U.S. Army during the Third Seminole War (1855-1858). She was forced aboard the steamship Grey Cloud, bound for New Orleans and thence up the Mississippi River to the Indian Territory — the watery route that served as the Seminoles’ Trail of Tears. Parker escaped when the vessel stopped at St. Marks, south of Tallahassee. She then began a 400-mile journey southward to rejoin her people near Lake Okeechobee. Parker survived the perilous trek and her family lives on today in many prominent figures in the Seminole Tribe of Florida.

On December 1, a delegation from the Seminole Tribe of Florida, including some of Parker’s descendents, embarked by boat from Egmont Key in Tampa Bay and re-created the voyage to St. Marks. Special events took place on December 2 in St. Marks and in Tallahassee on December 3 to commemorate this important history and encourage greater recognition for the remarkable Polly Parker.

JFK Assassination (November 22, 1963)

On November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas. George Smathers, United States Senator from Florida, commented on the loss of his friend and colleague during his regularly filmed remarks to the people of Florida:

Kennedy and his family spent considerable time in Florida during his presidency, including a visit just days before that fateful day in Dallas. The photographs below captured moments from JFK’s trips to the Sunshine State.

With George Smathers and LeRoy Collins, 1961

With George Smathers and LeRoy Collins, 1961

 

With British Prime Minister Harold McMillan, Key West Naval Air Station, March 26, 1961

With British Prime Minister Harold McMillan, Key West Naval Air Station, March 26, 1961

 

With Farris Bryant at the Orange Bowl, Miami, January 1, 1963

With Farris Bryant at the Orange Bowl, Miami, January 1, 1963

 

Shaking hands in Miami, November 18, 1963

Shaking hands in Miami, November 18, 1963

 

With George Smathers in Miami, November 18, 1963

With George Smathers in Miami, November 18, 1963