Moses Williams (1919-1988) was born February 15 in Itta Bena, Mississippi. He spent much of his life traveling, either in show business or working as an itinerant farm worker, which eventually brought him to Florida.
At the age of 11, he learned the harmonica, but it was his one-string zither, or “diddley bow,” that made him unique. The instrument was comprised of a broom wire tensioned upside a door with a tin can resonator and played with glass bottle slide. It earned him nicknames like “Broom Wire Slim” and “Doorman.”
Moses was discovered by folklorist Dwight DeVane in the late 1970s, and he appeared on the Florida Folklife Program’s 1981 double LP, Drop on Down in Florida, which was reissued by Dust-to-Digital. In addition to these recordings, Moses made several appearances at the Florida Folk Festival, schools, and other folk arts forums around the state.
His distinctive repertoire for the diddley bow consisted of standards, such as “Sitting on Top of the World” and “Rollin’ and Tumblin’,” and original tunes, most notably “Which Way Did My Baby Go” and “Apple Farm Blues.” Both of these songs have been included on the Florida Folklife Collection sampler CDs Music from the Florida Folklife Collection and Where the Palm Trees Shake at Night: Blues Music from the Florida Folklife Collection. Enjoy.
“Which Way Did My Baby Go”
“Apple Farm Blues”